Is Allah a moon god?

  Christian missionary: Allah is a moon god! You are worshipping a moon god! PAGANS!

by Ibn Anwar

   I have met at least ten Christian missionaries who have brandished an accusing fingure saying that Allah the God that Muslims believe in is really a moon god. This idea or let’s call what it really is, a myth was postulated by a certain Robert Morey who’s arguments have been clinically or rather scholarly dissected at http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Quran/Sources/Allah/moongod.html . The expose’ was authored by MSM Saifullah, Mohd Elfie Nieshaem Juferi and Abdullah David. I think they have done an excellent job at presenting a sound rebuttal from an archeological standpoint bringing much clarity to the controversy. In this brief article of mine we shall not be going through the arguments proposed by Robert Morey and his cohorts. Rather we shall have a look at what the primary source of Islam says concerning the matter. Let the Qur’an speak for itself and we shall see whether the Muslims are worshipping a moon god or not.

“When he saw the moon rising in splendor He said: “This is my Lord.” but when the moon set he said: Unless my Lord guide me I shall surely be among those who go astray.” (6:77)

The context of the above verse is regarding Abraham who’s on a personal spiritual journey. He was trying to find out who his real god was because he refused to buy in the superstitions and paganistic leanings of his people. Whilst gazing at the sky during his period of spiritual enquiry he witnessed the brilliance of the moon and thought that perhaps that was his god, but later decided against the notion as it began to wane and eventually disappear. The verse is definitive proof against moon worshipping as Abraham who is accepted and known as the chosen prophet of Allah rejected it.

“Allah is He, who created the sun, the moon, and the stars (all) governed by laws under His commandment.” (7:54)

“It is Allah Who hath created the heavens and the earth and sendeth down rain from the skies……… He has made subject to you, the night and the day; the sun and the moon; and the stars in subjection by His command.” (14:32-33)

“He has made subject to you, the night and the day; the sun and the moon; and the stars in subjection by His command.” (16:12)

The above three passages vividly shows that Allah is the Lord of the universe who created both the sun and the moon and made them subservient to Him. How then can anyone even suggest that the moon is the one who created and made it subservient to Him?

The verses presented and others like them throughout the Qur’an are sufficient proof that Muslims eschew the idea of worshipping the moon. It is totally forbidden in Islam to worship anything that is in this universe for worship is solely for the Creator who is not in His creation.

If the Christians are still adamant to say that Allah is a moon god then I would ask that they extend their accusation that we are moon worshippers to their Arab Christian brethren. What do I mean? Well let us see what the Bible in the Arabic language says about God,

فِي الْبَدْءِ خَلَقَ اللهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ

وَكَانَتِ الأَرْضُ خَرِبَةً وَخَالِيَةً، وَعَلَى وَجْهِ الْغَمْرِ ظُلْمَةٌ، وَرُوحُ اللهِ يَرِفُّ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْمِيَاهِ

وَقَالَ اللهُ: «لِيَكُنْ نُورٌ»، فَكَانَ نُورٌ.

Those are verses one to three of Genesis 1 from Van Dyke’s Arabic Bible. In case you cannot read Arabic the word in question is the one that is underlined. The word is spelled as alif lam lam ha which gives us ALLAH! So do the Arab Christians worship a moon god? As a matter of fact, we find that the word Allah is retained in the Malay Bible even though a more accurate word in the language is tuhan for god.

1. Pada mulanya Allah menciptakan langit dan bumi.

2. Bumi belum berbentuk dan kosong; gelap gelita menutupi samudera raya, dan roh Allah melayang-layang atas permukaan air.

3. Berfirmanlah Allah: “Jadilah terang” Lalu terang itu jadi.

There are several millions of Malay Christians in Indonesia..they must be worshipping a moon god huh?(note the sarcasm)

I think any reasonable person including Christians can agree that after looking at the available information to say that Allah is a moon god is totally silly.

Is Allah a new name invented by the Arabs?

In Hebrew the word used for God in the first instance is elohim (Gen. 1:1). The ending -iym is usually understood as the masculine plural suffix. The word is pronounced in such a way(eloah) because of the addition of the vowels chataf, segol and chirik. What you should know is that in the Hebrew alphabet there are no vowels. Vowelisation was a later addition to the language. That means if the present vowel points were removed the word can actually be pronounced as Alah instead of Eloah. The word is just a lamed(for the letter L in Hebrew) away from the Arabic Allah. In fact, the pronunciation Alah is probably better than Eloah considering the fact that in Aramaic(its sister language) the word cognates as Alah (ܐܠܗ) which is pronounced almost exactly like Allah as it is shown in Mel Gibson’s The Passion.  Thus if you read the Aramaic or Syriac texts of the Bible you will come across Alah(Allah) time and again as a word used for God. Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic are closely related to each other. They are considered semitic languages.

Is Yahweh(YHWH) God’s one and true name instead of Allah?

The word Yahweh is spelled in Hebrew as יהוה (Yod, Hey, Waw, Hey = YHWH ). Encyclopedia Brittanica has this to say about the word,

“Yahweh is not a Hebrew name.” (Encyclopedia Brittanica, 11th Ed., Volume 15, page 321)

Pastor Dr. Cohen G. Reckart says,

“Yahweh is a guess name and is not the name of the true God. Yahweh as it is spelled is not a Hebrew name for God.”

In fact, scholars have been at it trying to discover the “correct” pronunciation of the word or tetragrammaton as it is sometimes called which means four letter word. The Jehovah’s Witnesses and others have latinised the word into Jehovah. But, is Jehovah reall a latinisation of Yahweh? If you look carefully it actually is not. Let’s take a simple example. Jesus is a latinised form of its original Greek iesus. Though the Greek and its latinised form are not exact they are quite similar. Jehovah on the other hand is a total reinvention of YHWH. It is not latinised from Yahweh. A latinised form for Yahweh would sound something like Jahveh. But, Jehovah seems to be latinised from Yehowah. Yehowah is one of many different forms the so called tetragrammaton YHWH have been pronounced throughout the ages.

Gilbert Genebrard was the first person in the 16th century for the pronunciation Yahweh, but Wilhelm Gesenius in 1815 is credited for supposedly making a good case for it. Prior to Gesenius the pronunciation was virtually unheard of by most people and not argued for by the scholars. Josephus who is often quoted by Christians to prove Jesus says in Jewish Wars, chapter 5, verse 235,”τὰ ἱερὰ γράμματα· ταῦτα δ’ ἐστὶ φωνήεντα τέσσαρα” which basically means that the holy name has “four vowels”. The tetragrammaton that we are familiar with is YHWH. Does that consist of four vowels? What’s the W doing there? In G.H. Parke-Taylor’s work Yahweh: The Divine Name in the Bible, on page 79 he mentions that Genebrardus in 1567 suggested the pronunciation Jahve. The Samaritans’ pronunciation was Iabe. Codex Leningard dated to 1008 C.E. has several different vowels for the four letter word thus rendering YHWH into Yehwah, Yehowah and Yehwih. And there are so many other different pronunciations proposed by both Jews and Christians. So which is it? Is it Yahweh, Yehowah, Jehovah, Iabe, Jahve, Yehwih, Yehwah or what? Could it be that YHWH isn’t really God’s real name? The Christians argue that the pronunciation is lost because the Jews were so adamant in not using it out loud that in time they forgot the actual word and how it is suppose to be pronounced. The Jews had the belief that it was blasphemy to utter God’s name out loud. When asked what exactly is this based on i.e. is it based on some scripture? They cannot answer. There is just not a single verse in the entire Bible that explicitly prohibits the mentioning of God’s name out loud. This is a thin excuse for an invention of a name that isn’t really God’s.

One of the proof texts adduced for YHWH is the famous Exodus 3:15. But, does it really support the idea that God’s name is YHWH or Yahweh? Let’s read the passage together very carefully. The immediate context begins in verse 13,

“And Moses said unto God: ‘Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them: The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me: What is His name? what shall I say unto them?’ “

So Moses goes out of his way to ask God what His name is in case the people of Israel were to ask for it. To which God answered,

“And God said unto Moses: ‘I AM THAT I AM’; and He said: ‘Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel: I AM hath sent me unto you.’ “

That’s verse 14. It’s not the verse where the tetragrammaton YHWH is found which is verse 15. Remember the question asked by Moses? The question was what if the children of Israel were to ask the name of the one who has sent me(paraphrase) and God answered “eheye asher eheye” which is often translated as “I am what I am”. However, the real meaning behind the word which is also mentioned two verses before is “will be”. Thus we read in verse 12, “vayomer kieheye” which is translated as, “And He said, ‘certainly I will be…”. Regardless whether it is I am or I will be clearly the answer given to Moses’ question concerning His name was not YHWH but rather eheye or אהיה. Let’s go through verse 13 and 14 one more time. Moses is asking a hypothetical question to God regarding the children of Israel. What should he(Moses) say in case they ask him the name of the person who sent him to them. And in the immediate verse that follows(verse 14) God says, “You shall tell the children of Israel, “I am(I will be) has sent me to you.” God did not say, “Tell them, YHWH has sent me to you.” He said, “I will be”. It is safe then to conclude that the shem or name that the passage means in verse 15 is eheye and not YHWH. However, let us say for the sake of argument that it is really YHWH in verse 15 that is really His name. Then the verse tells us that, “This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations.” As we have seen they have all but forgotten the name so much so that they don’t even know how it is supposed to be pronounced! If that is so how can YHWH be that name which is supposed to be remembered forever for all generations?

Pastor Dr. Cohen mentioned earlier also says,

“A Yahweh believer is any person who believes Yhwh (the tetragrammaton name of Baal) pronounced Yahweh, is the name of God.”

Finally, here is the MILLION DOLLAR QUESTION for all of you Yahweh Christian believers out there. Where in the world did Jesus teach anyone that God’s name is YHWH? In fact, in the Aramaic text of John 17:3 the word used is pretty clear and that is ܐܠܗ (Alah).

“ALLAH, there is no god but He; His are the most beautiful names.” (Qur’an 20:8)

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11 Responses to “Is Allah a moon god?”

  1. oxelite says:

    Peace and greetings –

    Ibn Anwar – you appear to have made quite a strong case for the Islamic perspective, that in fact the Qur’an teaches for human kind to refrain from any sort of worship other than worshiping Allah (i.e. God Almighty).

    The allegations made against the Muslim regarding a “moon god” are all swiftly refuted with one Qur’anic verse that addresses this directly – a command:

    “And of His portents are the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or the moon; but prostrate to Allah Who created them, if it is in truth Him Whom ye worship. ” (Qur’an 41:37)

    Interesting breakdown of the “name” of “God” throughout the scriptures – I think it is important to draw the links wherever they can be drawn; these Semitic languages clearly have bold similarities, but unfortunately the Westerner who does not acknowledge the linguistic origin of their professed religion’s scripture will humiliate himself via these absurd assertions toward Muslims.

  2. Zayed ahmed says:

    But still i have doubts

    • Ibn Anwar says:

      Doubts? Doubts in what exactly?

      • Zayed ahmed says:

        well brother ibn anwar now i think allah is not a moon god according to your prestation but a new problem arose. There is an website with the name (censored)
        where instead they presented that allah is indeed a Mesopotamian mythological god and that adam and eve are also their mythological concept? How do u respond to that dear brother..Do you have any evidence..please it would be grateful of yours to forward it to me
        my email ID is brooklyns_5@yahoo.com
        May allah guide us
        ameen

  3. ibnsaad says:

    Qu’ran (41:37)

    Among His Signs are the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon. Do not prostrate to the sun and the moon, but prostrate to Allah, Who created them, if it is Him ye wish to serve.

    As mentioned before by brother oxelite, this verse alone is enough to debunk the christians.

  4. Ibn Anwar says:

    Assalamu’alaikum,
    The site that you gave has been censored because I do not want it to get promotion from this site. The essay or rather diatribe is a mess. The author was all over the place and it mostl was on Yahweh and not Allah. In any case islamic-awareness’ thesis on Allah is relevant and you should read it http://www.islamic-awareness.o.....ongod.html Even if the Mesopotamians did worship a god named Allah, I really do not see that as a problem. The Quraisy pagans used to worship Allah. That certainly is no barrier for Islam. Allah has been around since before creation and has sent prophets to the nations. One would not be surprised to find His name mentioned in previous civilisations.

  5. alfaarooq1 says:

    Brother I understand clrealy what is meant by “I am who I am” The Almighty Allah simply told Musa “I am who I am” as in don’t question me, which is easy to undertand that He is Allah the Ilah (Diety/ Lord).
    The Almighty Allah in Hebrew (אלוה) spelt as Eloah but pronounced just as in Arabic (الله), Aramaic (אֱלָהָא) and Syriac (ܐܰܠܳܗܳܐ) as Allah. So Allah simply told Musa Alaihi Wa’salaam that I am who I am your Ilah and the spelling of Ilah in Hebrew and Aramic is in line with the pronounciation of Allah.

    Have you ever heard an Israeli speak Hebrew? the Hebrew of now is not the Hebrew of old.

    • Ibn Anwar says:

      Assalamu’alaikum,
      Thank you for your thoughts. I do know that interpretation and it could very well be the message of the verses in Exodus three. However, that was not the contention of my article. I was contending against the Christian idea that the verses show that God’s name is YHWH. I have shown that the verses do not do that at all.

  6. Jina Fuston says:

    I need some advice for my blog….I like your layout. Can you help me?

  7. Terry says:

    I am a Christian and I must admit that ALLAH is not a moon God and is not related to Nanna-Sin.

    If you are a Christian and know that the language of Christ was most likely Aramaic then please look up the Aramaic word for God. You can do this online using an aramaic/english dictionary. You will find that the Aramaic word for God is none other than ALLAH.

    So as much as I hate to admit it even when Christ prayed to “God” he prayed to ALLAH.

    Christ mostly addressed his father ABWOOM in Aramaic which more accurately meant father/mother. I have lost many debates with Muslims at the Islamic center in Los Angeles over things like this and it has taught me that many Muslims know the Christian bible better than many of us Christians do. I say this to our shame. I however must thank my Muslim opponents for making me a more knowledgable Christian aware of the theological traps they can lay for us.

    Ultimately the Orthodox Christian teachings of the modern church will fail in open and honest debate with the Muslim. It does not mean the Muslim is right, it means that our Doctrine misses the mark in certain areas that we need to honestly admit and address.

    In like manner the Muslim doctrines and Koranic verses can’t stand open and honest debate either, full of contridictions, scientific inaccuracies, etc even more so than the Christian bible (my opinion).

    The point is neither can withstand withering scrutiny.

    The good news of this is since both seem to have holes, when we fix them, maybe the two will agree. I like to think that when the bible says “then God will be all-in-all” talking about the grand culmanation of His predetermined plan that maybe that means then God will be ALLAH if Allah really means all in all.

    I continue to hope against hope for that day when Issac and Ishmael will embrace each other as the brothers they are, children of the same father, children of the same God

    Then we all will be All in All

  8. Maher bazil says:

    why do you insist on lying through your teeth and say that Allah does not mean God which is the creator of the heavens and the earth and which is Jesus christ himself called God with in his aramaic language which very close to arabic Allaha. this is your way to write books and make money to lie to people by making ass out of your self? the muslims worship the same God that Jesus worshiped when he used to go to the temple every day. God says in the Quran do not worship the son nor the moon but worship the one who created them.

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