Missing Books of the Old Testament

 Books of the Old Testament that are lost

by Ibn Anwar

It is often claimed by Christian missionaries that the Old Testament is completely preserved with little or no error at all. This is supposedly proven by the discovery of the so called Dead Sea Scrolls. However, within the texts of the old Testament themselves we find mention of books that are now all but lost. Could they have once been considered inspired, but no longer survive? 

1. The Book of the Wars of the Lord(Sepher Milkhamot Adonai)

“Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD, “Waheb in Suphah, And the wadis of the Arnon,” (Numbers 21:14)

Timothy R. Ashley says:

“14-15 A citation from a source called the Book of Wars of Yahweh supports the claim made in v. 13. The exact nature of this work is “unknown”, since the only fragment of it is the poetry cited in vv. 14-15, unless the poem in vv. 17-18a is also from it. The title of the work suggests that it contained songs celebrating Yahweh’s victories against his enemies.” [1]

Matthew Henry says:

“we are not particularly told, but are referred to the book of the wars of the Lord, perhaps that book which was begun with the history of the war with the Amalekites, Ex. 17:14. Write it (said God) for a memorial in a book[2] (emphasis added)

Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary says:

book of the wars of the Lord–A fragment or passage is here quoted from a poem or history of the wars of the Israelites, principally with a view to decide the position of Arnon.” [3]

John Gill’s Exposition on the Bible:

Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the Lord,…. A history of wars in former times” [4]

The author of Izhar Al-Haq quotes the commentators Henry and Scott:

“Presumably this book was written by Moses for the guidance of Joshua and described the demacration of the land of Moab.” [5]

2.The Book of Jasher(Sepher Ha Yashar)

“So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.” (Joshua 10:13)

“and he told them to teach the sons of Judah the song of the bow; behold, it is written in the book of Jashar.”(2 Samuel 1:18)

Gnana Robinson comments on 2 Samuel 1:18,

” “It is written in the Book of Jashar,” literally “the Book of the Upright”. Another poetical piece attributed to the book of this name is Josh. 10:12-14.” Similar literary collections of various sorts seem to have been circulating among the people (e.g. the Book of the Wars of Yahweh, Num. 2:14); this shows that the collection of poems was made well before Samuel was edited and written.” [6]

Rev. Prof. Herbert G. May  remarks,

“The Deuteronomist makes the poem the words of Joshua, but the poem itself is non-committal as to the speaker. The Book of Jasher is also quoted in 2 Sam. 1:18, and in the LXX of 1 Kg. 8:53. It was apparently a collection of poems. Compare the Book of the Wars of the Lord (Num. 21:14).” [7]

Concerning Joshua 10:13 Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary says:

“The passage, which is parenthetical, contains a poetical description of the victory which was miraculously gained by the help of God, and forms an extract from “the book of Jasher,” that is, “the upright”–an anthology, or collection of national songs, in honor of renowned and eminently pious heroes.” [8]

John Gill’s Exposition on  2nd Samuel 1:18:

“behold, it is written in book of Jasher); which the Targum calls the book of the law; and Jarchi and Ben Gersom restrain it to the book of Genesis, the book of the upright, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and suppose respect is had to the prophecy concerning Judah, Genesis 49:8, but Kimchi, extending it to all the five books of Moses, adds his blessing, in Deuteronomy 33:7. In the Arabic version it is explained of the book of Samuel, interpreted the book of songs, as if it was a collection of songs; which favours the above sense. Jerom {s} interprets it of the same book, the book of the righteous prophets, Samuel, Gad, and Nathan…” [9] (emphasis added)

Lost proverbs of Solomon

“He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005.”(1 Kings 4:32)

John Gill’s Exposition:

And he spake three thousand proverbs,…. Wise sayings, short and pithy sentences, instructive in morality and civil life; these were not written as the book of Proverbs, but spoken only, and were taken from his lips, and spread by those that heard them for the use of others, but in process of time were lost…” [10] (emphasis added)

On the verse the Methodist theologian Adam Clarke explains:

“He spake three thousand proverbs] The book of Proverbs, attributed to Solomon, contain only about nine hundred or nine hundred and twenty-three distinct proverbs; and if we grant with some that the first nine chapters are not the work of Solomon, then all that can be attributed to him is only about six hundred and fifty.

Of all his one thousand and five songs or poems we have only one, the book of Canticles, remaining, unless we include Psalm cxxvii. 1-5, Except the Lord build the house, &c., which in the title is said to be by or for him, though it appears more properly to be a psalm of direction, left him by his father David, relative to the building of the temple. ”

He laments in his notes on verse 33:

“O, how must the heart of Tournefort, Ray, Linne, Buffon, Cuvier, Swammerdam, Blosch, and other naturalists, be wrung, to know that these works of Solomon are all and for ever lost! What light should we have thrown on the animal and vegetable kingdoms, had these works been preserved![11] (emphasis added)

 

The Books of Samuel the Seer, the Prophet Nathan and Gad the Seer

“Now the acts of king David first and last are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer:” (1 Chronicles 29:29)

All of the books mentioned in the verse have all DISAPPEARED.

Adam Clarke says,

” The acts of David-first and last] Those which concerned him in private life, as well as those which grew out of his regal government. All these were written by three eminent men, personally acquainted with him through the principal part of his life; these were Samuel and Gad the seers, and Nathan the prophet. These writings are all lost, except the particulars interspersed in the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, none of which are the records mentioned here.” [12]

The Book of Isaiah the Prophet

This is yet another book which is totally LOST. It so happens that it was written by the major Old Testament prophet, Isaiah.

“Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first to last, the prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, has written.” (2 Chronicles 26:22)

Adam Clark says,

“The rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, did Isaiah the prophet-write.] This work, however, is totally lost; for we have not any history of this king in the writings of Isaiah. He is barely mentioned, Isa. i. 1; vi. 1. ” [13] (emphasis added)

John Gill says,

“Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last,…. What were done by him, both in the beginning and latter end of his reign:

did Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, write: not in his own prophecy, but in the history of his own times, which was usual for every prophet to write, though now lost, see 2 Kings 15:6.” [14] (emphasis added)

 

**More missing books to come, insha’Allah**

 

References:

[1] Timothy R. Ashley. The Book of Numbers. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 411

[2] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/numbers/mh/numbers21.htm / www.ccel.org/ccel/henry/mhc1.iv.xxii.html

[3] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/numbers/jfb/numbers21.htm

[4] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/numbers/gill/numbers21.htm

[5] Izhar Al- Haq. p. 166

[6] Gnana Robinson. 1 & 2 Samuel, Internationl Theological Commentary(1993). William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company and The Handsel Press Limited. p. 157

[7] H. G. May. Peake’s Commentary on the Bible. Joshua(1962). Routledge. p. 297

[8] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/joshua/jfb/joshua10.htm

[9] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/2samuel/gill/2samuel1.htm

[10] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/1kings/gill/1kings4.htm

[11] www.godrules.net/library/clarke/clarke1kin4.htm

[12]http://www.godrules.net/library/clarke/clarke1chr29.htm

[13] www.godrules.net/library/clarke/clarke2chr26.htm

[14] www.ewordtoday.com/comments/2chronicles/gill/2chronicles26.htm

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11 Responses to “Missing Books of the Old Testament”

  1. Ali says:

    Sallam Dear Brother,

    Great Article Highlighting one of the biggest hoaxes in christian history which would obviously be the perfect preservation of the Old Testament. We read in the Ot (Pslams 12:5-7) that the word of the Lord will be perserved (King James Version) . Though after reading this article If one doesn’t question the verse of Pslams 12:5-7 then he would be not be a seeker of truth but rather a ignorant human being.
    Even if the OT is perfectly perserved in no way does it make the gospels of the new testament any more reliable or true.

    Walikum Salam Wr Wb

  2. abdul-halim says:

    Asalam-alaikum, great article..

    here is a list of more of the missing books…
    http://www.icwseminary.org/lostbooks.htm

    I’m not sure I would say that this means the Bible is a “hoax”. But it is clear that according to the Bible itself, there are inspired truthful works out there (perhaps hidden or lost) which are not found between its covers.

  3. Abdul-Kadar says:

    Aslamolaykum,

    I have thoroughly enjoyed reading many articles on this site. Without a doubt, I have enjoyed this article too. Missing books in the Old Testament. From experience, no matter what one shows the Christians they will just laugh it off, just like they never even heard it. Maybe i’ve only come across hardened Christians. My only complaint is that i’ve read all your articles dear brother Ibn Anwar and now i’ve run out of articles written by your goodself. Alhamdolillah, the Holy Quran teaches me to be patient. I will remain patient until your next article, Insha’Allah.

    May AllahSWT reward you and all the authors of this site abundantly, Ameen.

    With Dua,
    A-Q.

  4. Ibn Anwar says:

    Wa’alaikum salam,
    Thank you for your kind words Abdul Kadar. We do indeed try our best to present quality articles for the readers. It is good to hear that you have at least enjoyed the materials and perhaps have learned a thing or two also. Yes, I have been somewhat lax in writing new articles lately because of my tight schedule(studies). My finals is just around the corner. Insha’Allah when they’re all finished I will continue writing more articles. Thanks again and we do hope to hear from you again, insha’Allah.

    Wassalam

    Ibn Anwar
    Admin. of Unveiling Christianity

  5. Mansoor says:

    Salam,

    Here is response by http://www.carm.org/apologetic.....ooks-bible

    Are these lost books of the Bible?

    There is much talk these days about lost books of the Bible. From cults to the New Age, people make all sorts of claims about how thbooks stackede Bible is missing books, books that help justify what they hope to believe. Sometimes people claim that the Bible was edited to take out reincarnation, or the teaching of higher planes of existence, or different gods, or ancestor worship, or “at-one-ment” with nature.

    The “lost books” were never lost. They were known by the Jews in Old Testament times and the Christians of the New Testament times and were never considered scripture. They weren’t lost nor were they removed. They were never in the Bible in the first place.

    The additional books were not included in the Bible for several reasons. They lacked apostolic or prophetic authorship, they did not claim to be the Word of God; they contain unbiblical concepts such as prayer for the dead in 2 Macc. 12:45-46; or have some serious historical inaccuracies.

    Nevertheless, the Roman Catholic church has added certain books to the canon of scripture. In 1546, largely due in response to the Reformation, the Roman Catholic church authorized several more books as scripture known as the apocrypha. The word apocrypha means hidden. It is used in a general sense to describe a list of books written by Jews between 300 and 100 B.C. More specifically, it is used of the 7 additional books accepted by the Catholic church as being inspired. The entire list of books of the apocrypha are: 1 and 2 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, the Rest of Esther, the Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, (also titled Ecclesiasticus), Baruch, The Letter of Jeremiah, Song of the Three Young Men, Susanna, Bel and the Dragon, The Additions to Daniel, The Prayer of Manasseh, and 1 and 2 Maccabees. The books accepted as inspired and included in the Catholic Bible are Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees Wisdom of Solomon Sirach (also known as Ecclesiasticus), and Baruch.

    The Pseudepigraphal books are “false writings.” They are a collection of early Jewish and “Christian” writings composed between 200 BC and AD 200. However, they too were known and were never considered scripture.

    The deuterocanonical (apocrypha) books are those books that were included in the Greek Septuagint (LXX) but not included in the Hebrew Bible. The recognized deuterocanonical books are “Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus (also called Sirach or Ben Sira), Baruch (including the Letter of Jeremiah), 1 and 2 Maccabees, and additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. The canon of the Greek Orthodox community also includes 1 Esdras, the Prayer of Manasseh, Psalm 151, and 3 Maccabees, with 4 Maccabees as an appendix.”1

    1. 1. Harper’s Bible Dictionary, San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985.

  6. Ibn Anwar says:

    Greetings,
    Mansoor, what you’ve posted has nothing at all to do with my article. Sir, are you a Muslim? You’re not behaving like one. Why are you posting whole articles from sites that are obviously anti-Islam without leaving any assessments of your own? What is your agenda?

    • Mansoor_ali says:

      Salam,

      Yes i am a muslim.And my purpose to quote the site was simple.

      I wanted that any knowledge able muslim produce response to those materials.

      Thanks

  7. abdul-halim says:

    Mansoor,

    I don’t think your argument really holds because it is too rooted in Catholic-Protestant polemics. For example, it seems really really silly to say that “the Roman Catholic church has added certain books to the canon of scripture. In 1546…” when the Septuigant that those books are found in was in use a coupe hundred years before Christ!?!?

    Secondly, your post only seems to consider the deuterocanonical books which are accepted by Catholics and rejected by Protestants, but you are totally ignoring a whole range of other documents. There definitely are texts which some non-dominant groups of Jews and Christians accepted (e.g. Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Peter, Acts of John, etc.) and there are also texts which even the Bible implies are inspired (e.g. Book of Jasher, the Visions of Iddo the Seer, etc.) but which are defintely lost. (If you don’t think they are lost, then produce them?)

  8. Ar198 says:

    I agree, that the Bible as we know it to be – is not complete. Jude has references that do not connect with modern canon. Also, http://www.icwseminary.org/lostbooks.htm points out to missing letters of the Apostles. It is evident that Godly inspired works can clearly been lost or not added to official canon.

    I’m more of a realist and not a fundamentalist. I don’t even consider the bible to be the direct words of God, but rather works of men inspired by God.

    I also support the idea that after so many copies of copies there has been small scribe errors to intentional additions in some of the books. Luckily, scrolls and books from the 4th century has been found and works from early Christians in the 2nd century that have survived can help correlate between old key doctrines and future additions.

    But, I still believe that the ground work for salvation is clearly written in the New Testament, in nearly every single the books of the New Testament, and it doesn’t take 607080 something books to get the fundamental guide to salvation.

    Just about every single New Testament book supports the idea that Jesus died for sins, and has risen. Even, early church writings from the Clement of Rome and Clement of Alexandria make this known as a key Christian fundamental.

    • Ibn Anwar says:

      Greetings,
      Thank you Ar198 for dropping by. I have been waiting for you lol. Anyway, let’s cut to the chase. You have conceded that, “I agree, that the Bible as we know it to be – is not complete. Jude has references that do not connect with modern canon” Thank you very much indeed. You are the first Chrisian visitor on Unveiling Christianity to have admitted as such. I congratulate you on your sincerity and objectivity in this regard. However, you have mentioned some other things that require my unreserved disagreement. You said,
      “I also support the idea that after so many copies of copies there has been small scribe errors to intentional additions in some of the books. Luckily, scrolls and books from the 4th century has been found and works from early Christians in the 2nd century that have survived can help correlate between old key doctrines and future additions.”

      I’m afraid you are utterly mistaken, sir. Professor Bart D. Ehrman whom you probably know and is considered one of the world’s top Biblical critics after his late mentor Prof. Bruce Metzger tells us on page 89 of his Misquoting Jesus that there are 200 000 or 300 000 or 400 000 variants in the manuscripts of the Bible. The scholars can only give estimates because there are just too many as Ehrman continues, “There are more variations among our manuscripts than there are words in the New Testament.”
      The following site lists over 300 scribal errors(variances) !
      http://www.av1611.org/biblecom.html

      What about the Alands that you cited on islamicarchives? I don’t really have the time at the moment to explain to you the complexities of the study involved(I have other things that you have said that I would like to address). As such I heartily suggest you to proceed to the following link for in depth analysis on the numbers,
      http://www.islamic-awareness.o.....uracy.html

      You mention that there are manuscripts from the 4th century have been found. Yes, I know that. One such manuscript would be the famous Codex Sainaiticus. You do realize that the 4th century is 400 years after Jesus? How reliable is such a document(s) exactly? What about the writings of the early church fathers? Well, the early church fathers weren’t exactly objective scholars were they? Heck, Iraenaeus as R.T France noted forged the names of the four gospels without hesitation. That tells you just how much reliable they are or at least Iranaeus. Christian apologists like to quote outside sources to authenticate Jesus’ alleged crucifixion in the hopes of fulfilling “multiple attestation” which is a standard historical method. Let us go through them one by one, shall we?
      1. Flavius Josephus.: A very famous excerpt taken from Jewish Antiquities attributed to Josephus states that Jesus died and appeared to the disciples on the third day. Oh and that Jesus was also the Christ. This passage has been questioned for its authenticity since the 16th century! None of the fathers of the church of the 2nd century quoted him and Origen himself made it clear twice in Against Celsus that Josephus did not believe that Jesus was the Christ. These and other reasons are strong indicators that the passage attributed to Josephus is nothing short of a forgery.
      2. Cornelius Tacitus: This person was a Roman and he supposedly wrote in Annals that “Christus (supposed to be Jesus) was given the death penalty in the reign of Tiberius, by sentence of the procurator Pontius Pilate.” The passage is rather long and I will not quote all of them. I think you get the point already i.e. Tacitus supposedly histrorically accounts for the crucifixion. What’s the problem with this testimony? Well, for one thing..Tacitus was a high ranking Roman. One of the positions he occupied was that of Proconsul of Asia. Such an individual would not have made the error of confusing the position of ‘procurator’ with that of ‘prefect’. As G. Theissen and co-author A. Merz in The Historical Jesus noted that Pilate who was in charge between 26 to 36 C.E. was a PREFECT and not a procurator of Judea. A prefect was someone in the military. It’s a military position. Procurator on the other hand is a civilian financial administrator. Even if he did make the mistake which is highly improbable a very simple explanation is that he received the information from Christians who already BELIEVED in Jesus’ alleged crucifixion. This is what scholars have mentioned also.
      Other sources include Lucian of Samosata, Thallus and Mara Bar Serapion. One would be hard pressed to prove the reliability of the testimonies given by any of them. Lucian for one was a satirist and made fun of Christians. He can hardly be trusted for his remarks and writings.

      You said,
      “But, I still believe that the ground work for salvation is clearly written in the New Testament, in nearly every single the books of the New Testament, and it doesn’t take 607080 something books to get the fundamental guide to salvation.
      Just about every single New Testament book supports the idea that Jesus died for sins, and has risen. Even, early church writings from the Clement of Rome and Clement of Alexandria make this known as a key Christian fundamental.”

      I’m sorry but I do not think you have actually read the New Testament very well. If you have you would know that none of the four gospels actually have Jesus saying that he has come to die for the sins of humanity(in any explicit manner) nor from the anonymous writers themselves. In fact, the gospel repels this idea in the parable of the prodigal son whereby the son returns and the father forgives without needing blood sacrifice at all. This idea of Jesus paying for our debts(sins) with his blood was actually first postulated by Paul who said that the “wages of sin is death”. He was the one who said that without resurrection “our faith is vain”. He mashed salvation together with Jesus’ blood which is supposed to be necessary for God and man – God to be able to forgive and men to be able to receive forgiveness which directly goes against scripture as I have shown in http://unveiling-christianity......sacrifice/

      Further more, 2nd Peter, 2nd John, 3rd John and Jude to number a few do not contain any mention of Jesus actually dying for the sins of humanity. So your saying that “Just about every single New Testament book supports the idea that Jesus died for sins, and has risen.” is just folly. In fact, I have illustrated that Luke shows clearly that Jesus could not possibly have been crucified based on Luke 13 http://unveiling-christianity......ucifixion/
      I believe we have also discussed the internal difficulties of the texts regarding the ‘passion narratives’. Even if we were to accede that they do say Jesus died and got crucified the whole story is an utter mess which then points us to the fairy tale section.

      Ibn Anwar

  9. Rob VanDell says:

    Oh my, now we have two Muslim brothers arguing which one is “correct”.

    I am not prophet, but I’ve learned in my (short) 55 years of life that you both are probably somewhat right, and somewhat wrong.

    Such is the limitation of being human.

    Does it really matter who is “more” correct? I perceive that in Gods judgment, it does not.

    So many wasted years of fighting between each other. This must surely make God sad. (I know that when I see my children fighting with each other, when they both have so much in common, it brings great sadness to me.)

    Christians say “there is one God”; Muslims say “there is no God but God.”.

    It appears that we are both striving to explain to the God-less among us, that there is “God”, and there is not “God”, and that any other belief is complete folly.

    After all, do not both our religions teach us, that this is what caused “the fall” in the first place?

    When all of the writings of all the prophets that have ever been are put together, there seems to be one message, and it is so simple.

    “To all members of My family, may there be Peace. You are all My children, I love you all equally. Do not be jealous of one another, hoping that I will favor one of you above the other, for that is the failure of one of my first children. That child will some day learn the error of this, as all children eventually do, but that day is yet to come.”

    Peace to you my brothers.

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