Why is Jesus God?

Some common arguments used by Trinitarians in defence of Jesus’ “divinity”

by Ibn Anwar

The following are some arguments proposed by Trinitarians in their attempts at proving Jesus’ divinity and association with God and responses to them.

1. Jesus is God because he did not have a father. He was born of a virgin birth, a very unique characteristic found in Jesus. Who was his father? His father’s God.

Response

If Jesus is God because he did not have a father and was born of a virgin birth, then Adam should be worshipped as a greater God. This is because Adam had neither father or mother. Jesus at least had a mother. So who’s greater? Just because Jesus is fatherless does not he’s divine. The Qur’an answers explicitly :

“The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was.” (Qur’an 3:59)

God is Almighty. All he needs to do is will something into being and the thing comes into being. If God had absolutely no difficulty in creating Adam with parents, why would he suffer difficulty in creating a Jesus without a father?

In rebuttal, the educate Christian will retort,”the difference is that Adam was “CREATED” whilst Jesus was not. The key word is created. Jesus was begotten of God”

For the sake of argument, we concur and move on. Fine, if that is the case i.e. Jesus is God because he was begotten and not created i.e. he always was then there is yet another person more worthy of worship than Jesus. On the basis of the first argument that Jesus is God because he was fatherless and the second argument that Jesus was begotten without beginning this person which I’m about to present is far greater.

The person is no other than Melchizedek, the High Priest of Salem. He is described as “Without father or mother, without geneology, without beginning of days or end of days…” (Hebrews 7:3). So why won’t the Christians worship Melchizedek? Do they? No, they don’t. So, how many Gods are there really? Ask the Christian…do not however expect a reasonable comprehensible answer. For they are notorious for being incomprehensible.

2. Jesus is God because he gave life to the dead.

Response

First of all, Jesus had the ability to give life to the dead because God permitted it. Just like Moses who parted the Nile river, turned his stick into a snake etc. Jesus falls into the same category. Acts 2:22 explains,”Listen to this, Jesus of Nazareth was a MAN, approved of God, who did many mighty miracles which God did through him in the midst of you, which you also know..” The power came from God and Jesus was merely an instrument which He used to show His Greatness.

Second of all, if Jesus is God because “he gave life to the dead” then once again there is ANOTHER character who’s greater than Jesus on that basis.

“Then Elisha died and was buried. Groups of Moabite raiders used to invade the land each spring. Once when some Israelites were burying a man, they spied a band of these raiders. So they hastily threw the body they were burying into the tomb of Elisha. But as soon as the body touched Elisha’s bones, the dead man revived and jumped to his feet!”(2 Kings 13, verses 20-21)

Jesus was alive when he brought Lazarus back to life. The above is an instance of a prophet who gave life to the dead even after he had already died himself. His BONES gave life to the dead. Now, who’s greater? are the Christians willing to worship Elisha now? We see now that the attribute of “giving life” to the dead is not an exclusive attribute of Jesus. So what’s so great about what Jesus did if someone else also did it? What is more that someone else performed it in a more extraordinary feat!

3. Jesus is God because he forgave sins which is God’s exclusive prerogative.

Response

Nowehere in the Bible does it say that Jesus had the sole ability to forgive sins. What are to be found are instances where Jesus says “you are forgiven”. This is no solid proof of his alleged ability to remove sins. One can interpret such instances as Jesus’ affirmation from God that the person’s sins are forgiven and it is not that he himself forgave the sinner’s sins. If there are instances of Jesus apparently forgiving sins by saying for instance,”I forgive you” then the disciples as well as all Christians who practice and recite the ‘Lord’s prayer” are Gods.

Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our sins
as we forgive those who sin against us.
Save us from the time of trial
and deliver us from evil.
[For the kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours
now and for ever. Amen.]

(Matthew 6:9-13, Luke 11:2-4)

4. Jesus is God because he said “I and my Father are one”

Response

The above is a quotation from John 10:30. If taken out of context it certainly seem as if Jesus is equating himself with God. However, when taken in context a different picture is seen. The context begins from verse 23. Let’s consider the context.

John 10(KJV)

23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.

24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me.

26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

28 and I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand.

30 I and my Father are one.

The key verses which explain verse 30 are 28 and 29. First and foremost, if John 10:30 means Jesus and the Father are equal then the verse that precedes it makes no sense when it says “the Father is GREATER THAN ALL” which includes Jesus himself! Secondly, this oneness is actually the oneness of purpose which refers to “neither shall any man pluck them(the followers of Jesus) out of my hand and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand” in this they are one. That is to say, that when one has accepted faith Jesus as God’s messenger along with Him who sent Jesus will see to it that the person remains in faith and that no one will seduce them into abandoning the truth. In this they are one! If this explanation is not sufficient then we propose a critical reading of John 17 :

“The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one; I in them and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, so that the world may know that You sent Me, and loved them, even as You have loved Me.” (John 17:22-23)

So how many Gods are there now? 15?

5. Jesus is God because he said “I AM” which is God’s name.

Response

What the Christians try to do is corroborate the instance where Jesus said “Before Abraham was I am” with a verse is Exodus 3 where God allegedly said “I am what I am”. They say that this phrase “I am” is divine and Godly. So when Jesus applied it to himself, he was claiming divinity. This is easily refuted by the fact that the Greek as found in the Septuagint(the Greek text for the OT referred to Jews in the time of Jesus) uses “HO ON” for I Am whilst the one found in John 8:58 in the Kone Greek uses “Ego Eimi”. If the writer of John was trying to prove Jesus’ divinity assuming that “I AM” is God’s name then he should have retained the same wording as referred to the Jews in the time of Jesus. Further more, if “I am” denotes divinity, then the beggar in John 9:9,”Some said, It is he: others said, No, but he is like him. He said, I am he” should also be considered divine since he used the same “EGO EIMI” for himself.

6. Jesus is God because he said “I am the way, the truth and the life no one comes to the Father but by me”.

Response

The following article belongs to the Muslim-SA@acsu.buffalo.edu Islamic Student Organization.

Some people read:

“I am the way, …no one comes to the Father, but through me.”

When reading this verse, for some reason some people see in it a confirmation of the Trinity. Although I can not see how they can read either an explicit or even an implicit reference to the Trinity in this verse, still, due to it’s popularity it deserves to be studied

There appear to be a sizable number of Christians who when reading this verse interpret it to state that Jesus is God and that no one shall enter into heaven except if they worship Jesus. However, since it is brought up so often in discussions of the Trinity it appears to be appropriate to discuss it here.

The popular perception that this verse claims that Jesus requires our worship in order for us to receive salvation is not the intended meaning of this verse. However, in order for us to recognize this fact it is necessary to study it’s context.

If we were to back up a little and read from the beginning of this chapter, we would find that just before Jesus spoke these words, he said;

“In my Father’s house are many mansions (dwelling places); if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a mansion (a dwelling place) for you.”

John 14:2

The above statement is quite clear. It is in exact conformance to the teachings of the Qur’an. In the Qur’an we are told how God sent messengers to all tribes and nations. We are told that the basic message which was given to each of these tribes was the same: “Worship God alone and worship none else.” Some of the secondary details of this worship might differ from one tribe or nation to the next according to God’s infinite wisdom and his knowledge of those people. It was made very clear to each prophet that he was not to preach to anyone but his own people. It was further made clear to this messenger’s people that if they were to obey him that they would receive the reward of God. God would not hold them accountable for what any other tribe or nation did or did not do. This would continue until God’s last messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) would be sent to all mankind as the seal of the prophets.

This is exactly what Jesus is saying here. He said that in God’s mansion there are “many” rooms. Jesus was sent to guide to only one of them. The countless other rooms were reserved for other tribes and nations if they would obey their messengers. However, Jesus was telling his followers that they need not worry themselves about the other rooms. Anyone from among his people who wished to enter into the room which was reserved for them could only do so if they followed Jesus and obeyed his command. So Jesus confirmed that he was going to prepare “a” mansion and not “all” the mansions in “my Father’s house”.

Further, the verse clearly states that Jesus was the “WAY” to a mansion. He did not say that he is the “DESTINATION” which would be the case if he were God. What else would we expect a prophet of God to say except “I am the ‘way’ to God’s mercy”? That is his job. That is what a prophet does. It is why God chose him in the first place; in order to guide to the mercy of God. This is indeed confirmed in John 10:9 where Jesus tells us that he is “the door” to “the pasture.” In other words, he is the “prophet” who guides his people to “heaven” (see also Jn. 12:44). Once again, this is the message of Islam.

Finally, remember

“Not every one that says to me(Jesus); ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of my Father, who is in heaven.”

Matthew.7:21

7. Jesus is God because he is sinless.

Response

According to the Bible, Jesus was not the only sinless being to have existed. The following verses are quite telling:

“In the time of Herode king of jewry, there was a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abie. And his wife was of the daughters of Aaron: And her name was Elizabeth. They were upright in the eyes of God, keeping all the rules and orders of God, and doing no wrong.”

So if being sinless is a basis for Jesus’ divinity, then both Zacharias and Elizabeth are also Gods.

8. Jesus is God because he is the Messiah.

Response

First and foremost, let us have a look at this term Christ. Ordinary Christians in my experience would immediately define Christ as “saviour” the moment the question,”What is Christ?” pops up. This can’t be farther from the truth Christ simply comes from the Greek Χριστός , transliterated as Christos which have been shortened to Christ. It is simply Greek for the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ , transliterated as Mashiyach(or simply Messiah). The meaning of which is ANNOINTED or chosen one. Muslims ourselves do not hesitate to call Jesus as the Christ, the Messiah or Masih in Arabic since the Qur’an declares :

“…Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of God…” (Surah Nisa’, 171)

“The Christ, son of Mary, was no more than a messenger, before whom many of the messengers have passed away..” (Surah Al-Mai’dah, 75)

In the Qur’an the term Masih is unique and is used only for Jesus and no one else, but the opposite is true for the Bible. However, many Christian think that this term Christ in the Bible is unique and is only to be found attached and associated with Jesus. They will then go on to say that this indicates the supreme or even divine position of Jesus. This is probably due to the fact that the title Christ(which is Greek) is NEVER TRANSLATED and RETAINED only in the New Testament, whenever it is applied to Jesus and translated into English as ANNOINTED whenever it happens on other Biblical characters. What’s up with that??? Well, this is one of many “games” Bible translators play with in order to subtlely programme and fool the general audience. The truth of the matter is the term or title Christ is quite a common Biblical expression found throughout the Old Testament. The following are but a few examples where the same word used for Jesus was used for other Biblical personalities:

“Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his annointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.” (KJV, Psalms 18:50)

In the Septuagint(oldest Greek manuscript of the Old Testament) the Greek reads “to xristo autou“(his Christ[rendered annointed in the above translation])

In the Vulgate it reads “christo suo“(his Christ)

To the PAGAN King Cyrus :

“Thus saith the Lord to his annointed, to Cyrus,…” (KJV, Isaiah 45:1)

In the Vulgate it reads “christo meo“(my Christ)

Biblically speaking, if God found it fitting to call a PAGAN, His christ, what’s so special about the title when it is applied to Jesus?

Other instances can be found in Leviticus 4:3, 1 Samuel 24:6 and Lamentations 4:20.

9. Jesus is God because he is Immanuel as prophesied by Isaiah 7:14.

Response

The problem with this argument is that Jesus is never claimed as Immanuel throughout the whole Bible. Let us see what the prophecy actually says:

“Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign: behold, the virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel(God with us).” (Isaiah 7:14)

The above translation is actually quite deceptive since it has mistranslated the Hebrew word alma as virgin.

The following is the Hebrew text for Isaiah 7:14 along with its transliteration:

לכן יתן אדני הוא לכם אות הנה העלמה הרה וילדת בן וקראת שמו עמנו אל׃

“la khen yiten adonai hu lakhem ot hine ha alma hara veyoledet ben vekarat shemo immanuel”

The word “alma” in the verse actually should be translated as “young woman” instead of virgin. Due to the bias of Christians towards Jesus, they have preferred to translate the word as virgin instead of young lady. The Hebrew Bible Society translates the verse thus :

“Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel(God with us).” (Isaiah 7:14)

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/e/et/et1007.htm

Secondly, the prophecy dictates that the son will be called by his mother IMMANUEL, yet Matthew tells us :

“But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.” (Matthew 1:25)

So, instead of Jesus being named Immanuel, he was named Jesus and what is more he was named by Joseph rather than his mother Mary thus breaking the prophesy which says he will be called Immanuel by his mother when he is born.

Thus, as we can see Jesus does not fit into the prophecy.

Finally, “This is life eternal, that they may know you(God) the ONLY TRUE GOD, and Jesus Christ whomYou have sent”(John 17:3)

The above are some of the most common arguments put forth. Christian readers are welcome to provide more or respond to the above in the comment section.

Allah knows best.

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18 Responses to “Why is Jesus God?”

  1. Ahmed says:

    Great Job!

  2. lavender says:

    The latest claim I have heard for Jesus being God and this is how they rationalize the trinity issue is that God a supreme being in the heaven’s is far away from humans and superior to them that they cannot reach him. So this was God’s way of reaching out to us and showing his mercy and love and that God is humble. they also say that muslims God, Allah (astghafor Allah) is cruel and proud and you had to reach him through someone’s teachings. he is far away and difficult to imagine to be close to. as for the trinity issue they say that there was the father and then to reach humans as i said above he came through the son Jesus and then afterwards after he died he is the holy spirit that comes into each and every human being. They view it not as 1+1+1= 1 but 1*1*1= 1
    I am very interested in your remarks on this view and cannot wait to hear your arguments against this.
    best regards

    • abu ismail jaafar says:

      This same line of reasoning was used by a christian in a comparative religion website I encountered a few years back. This is how the debate ran between a Muslim and the Christian who used this logic (from memory):

      Muslim: Father= God= 1
      Son= God= 1
      Holy Ghost= God= 1

      Father NOT Son, NOT Holy Ghost
      Son Not Father, NOT Holy Ghost
      Holy Ghost, NOT Father NOT Son

      Therefore, 1+1+1= 3.

      Christian: Not so. 1*1*1= 1.

      Muslim: 1 apple* 1 orange* 1 banana= IMPOSSIBLE!

      The Christian stopped responding after that.

  3. usman says:

    lavendar let me make it an easy remark

    why did the all mighty like pagan gods and goddesses before him WEAR a human guise/disguise? why did not all 3 members wear disguises and complete the “love triangle” here on earth? why is the son told to say “no one reaches the father but through me” ?
    what were the righteous prophets in the ot EXPERIENCING before god choose to commit suicide? they didn’t have a man god presence amongst them.

  4. usman says:

    think about this

    one reads the qur’an and changes his behaviour over night.
    one did not need rasul (pbuh) or ALLAH ta3la to read it to him.
    with the holy spirit “filling” christians we have 60 thousand denominations and divisions with in christianity.

  5. zidane says:

    @lavender

    Christian doctrine gets ever more confusing once you start studying it indepth, for example humas have been on earth for at least 50,000 years so you are to believe if you are a christian that for 48000 years God sent people to hell just beacause of a sin committed by Adam and it was inherited by all mankind!! this is a unjust God, they even believed ,until thomas aquinas came along, that all the prophets were in hell until jesus came and freed them!! this was the augustinian view he also believed that babies who died in infancy without having been baptised go straight to hell. Thomas aquinas was a much more sophisticated chracter ( in my view because he read philosophy of Al-ghazalli,avveroes etc.) he hypothesied that the prophets and the righteouss were in a different in compartment in hell or in limbo probably having mild punishment, he also hypothesised that babies did not go to hell but were somewhere inbetween. Non of his views are supported by scripture, but it just shows the ever evolving nature of christianty,why? my view is the new testament writers seriously thought the end of the world would come about within thier lifetime and so really didnt have to address much about things like this because jesus was coming back soon and he would apparently sort everything out.

  6. usman says:

    judging by the gospel accounts the deciples are slow dim wits. i guess god was unable to clarify his message to them when he was in thier presence. witnessing all the amazing miracles of jesus, the deciples did not expect a ressurected god. mary magdalene asks the angels “where have they taken his body”

    • Cracks says:

      Your god was unable to clarify his message. Is this your god. I have found nothing fruitful in your comments. Please refute the arguments and dont waste space.

  7. usman says:

    “So this was God’s way of reaching out to us and showing his mercy and love and that God is humble”

    “mercy and love ” was wide spread before jesus came to scene.
    the lion did not need god to become a lion to teach it how to be merciful to its off spring.
    think about this
    humans have created an RCD circuit breaker which trips if there is an earth fault. this tripping prevents humans from receiving a fatal electric shock. is this not an invention which is a mercy to fellow humans? has this not literally saved more lives than gods presence among the deciples?

    the “mercy” christians are talking about is the domestic violence in the trinity. the father allowed humans to abuse his son, so then he can satisfy his blood lust. u c if his son didn’t get the nail all of humanity would be burning in hell.

    • Cracks says:

      Everything in your comments is nonsense. Your three god are then now are not co equal, co-exist. THey have domestic violence. WOW!

  8. usman says:

    “they also say that muslims God, Allah (astghafor Allah) is cruel and proud and you had to reach him through someone’s teachings”

    the jews said to jesus ” we have no INTERMEDIARY between us and The G-d .the tanak says we have a direct relationship with him, who are you (jesus) to say to us that no one comes to the father,but through you” ?

    “cruel”? it was ALLAH who was providing sustencance to the world when the 3rd member of trinity got nailed to a stick.

  9. kamal says:

    You said it right. If God came into physical form that didnt make pple experience God close to them. The disciples didnt believe Jesus was God. BUt they could see God work through him as he works through other prophets and saints. But God;s instruments are not equal to God.

    Since God to become man he had to undo of him many of the devine qualities the experience is always lesser. So Jesus must have been less that God. That is why Jesus said he only spoke as the Father told him, and that the Father is greater than I. If christians believe that Jesus is fully God then why did theye need the Holy SPirit? Because the Holy SPirit is there when Jesus is left.

    CHristians nowadays never saw the physical jesus. They dont have a trace of him. Only stories. So how can they now say that Jesus is close? Is Jesus not just as transcendent and in a way far just as any God?? They say they have the Holy spirit or that jesus appears to them. Well ok but so say some muslims who see the prophet in their dreams. That doesnt make him God.

    Jesus prayed in mathew to God not to abandon him in the cross. Was God far away then?

    In islam ALlah is transcendent but not a far God. He is closer to us that our jugulair vein and everywhere you look there is God’s face. But not in a literal sense, for He is not physical. It is not smart to think that to become close you have to be physically connected. You can not posses anything physically even physical things will perish so your relation ship is only temporary. Its like trieing to get hold of water in your hand while you can see it leaking away and evaporating in front of your eyes. If you love a person because of his physical boddy..one day that boddy will die. It is the spiritual part, the soul that matters and with whom you should connect.

    Muslims pray 5 times a day to connect with God. God is close as the Quran says: when my servants ask you about Us, tell them We are close…

    Communication with God is directly for muslims with God, no intermediaries. So how can day say Allah is a far God? They have the wrong concept of God.

  10. usman says:

    i had said nobody need rasul (pbuh) in HUMAN FORM or ALLAH ta3la to split the earth and RECITE THE QUR’AAN TO THEM HERE IN THE year 2010. ALLAH sent a book for those who understand and made it easy for us here on earth. on yow milqiyah it will be a different issue.

  11. kamal says:

    You said it right. If God came into physical form that didnt make pEople experience God close to them. The disciples didnt believe Jesus was god. BUt they could see God work through him as he works through other prophets. But God’s instruments are not equal to God.

    Since God to become man he had to undo of him many of the devine qualities, the experience is always lesser. So Jesus must have been less than God. That is why Jesus said he only spoke as the Father told him, and that the Father is greater than I. If christians believe that Jesus is fully god then why did they need the Holy SPirit? Because the Holy SPirit is there when Jesus left, so they have no FEELING/experience of the 3rd member of the trinity.

    CHristians nowadays never saw the physical jesus. They dont have a trace of him. Only stories. So how can they now say that Jesus is close? Is Jesus not just as transcendent and in a way far just as any God?? They say they have the Holy spirit or that jesus appears to them. Well ok , but some muslims say they see the prophet in their dreams. That doesnt make him God.

    Jesus prayed in mathew to God not to abandon him on the cross. Was God far away then? according to trinitarian theology , the father turned away/ forsook the son because he couldn’t bear looking at the sins plastered on the sons beaten and mocked body, does this mean that man’s sins causes members of the trinity to be poles apart? ALLAH was providing sustenance when there was domestic violence going on in the trinity.

    In islam ALlah is transcendent but not a far God. He is closer to us than our jugulair vein and everywhere you look there is God’s face. But not in a literal sense, for He is not physical. It is not smart to think that to become close you have to be physically connected.

    You can not posses anything physically even physical things will perish so your relation ship is only temporary. Its like trying to get hold of water in your hand while you can see it leaking away and evaporating in front of your eyes. If you love a person because of his physical boddy..one day that boddy will die. It is the spiritual part, the soul that matters and with whom you should connect.

    Muslims pray 5 times a day to connect with God. God is close as the Quran says: when my servants ask you about Us, tell them We are close…

    Communication with God is directly for muslims with God, no intermediaries. So how can they say Allah is a far God? They have the wrong concept of God.

  12. Dr.Mustafa says:

    DID JESUS SAID “IAM”

    Christians usually claim that Jesus said IAM in John 8:58 or in other words he equated himself with God of old testament in Exodus 3 where God says “Iam what Iam”

    Brother anwar has explaind this in point 5 above

    What i will do is quote another verse from the bible where Jesus did not assosiate “IAM” with him

    Mark 12:24 to 27

    The context of these verses starts a few verses above where people ask Jesus about a women who has married 7 men one by one after their death , that in the hereafter whose wife will be she.

    Jesus answers to them from verse 24 to 27 in verse 26 he says

    “…and as for the dead being raised have you not read in book of moses in the passage about the bush how God said to him IAM the God of abraham and the God of Issac and God of Jacob. HE is not God of dead but of living you are quite wrong..”

    We can very clearly appriciate here that Jesus assosiates IAM to God and in third person

    Jesus says “HE is not God of dead but living “clearly referrring IAM to God and in third person by saying he

    Jesus makes it even more clear by saying how God said to moses “IAM the god of abraham,issac and jacob “in third person .

    So Jesus clearly dissasosiate himself with God and IAM .So my dear christian brothers stop saying Jesus as God a position which he himself did not claim

  13. Angel of Light says:

    If any are of the One Truth, the Creator of all, there will be love spread forth as fruit. Put aside the anger; He commands you love one another. It is not by holding law that one finds salvation, it is by spiritual union with Him. He calls you to come to Him with your whole heart and soul, and love each other. Where there is love, there is He.

  14. NONOFUR says:

    FUCK YOU OK?!! BULLSHIT TEXTS! YOU APPARENTLY DON’T HAVE ANY BASIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CHRISTIANITY, YOU STUPID FOOL! SO SHUT THE HELL UP..

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